Top 10 Kingdom the Biggest in History

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A kingdom enlarge its influence by expanding its territory. Mastery a kingdom in view of the area, the number of population, economy, how long a kingdom was established and also many other factors that influence such as government and its laws, its people's happiness or well. Here is the 10 largest empire that ever existed in history.

Ottoman Empire1. Ottoman Empire (Turkey from 1299 - 1923)
Ottomans Empire, is the Islamic empire lasted from 1 November 1299 - July 24 1924. In its heyday, this empire covering three continents, managing most of West Asia, East and Southeast Europe, the Caucasus and North Africa pegunugan. This empire lasted the longest is over 7th century. They are also tolerant of Christians and Jews.

United Kingdom2. United Kingdom
United Kingdom, comprised of Domini, colonies, protectorates and mandates and all the areas set by the British monarch. Until the year 1922, the United Kingdom has 450 million inhabitants and it was a quarter of world population at that time. Area covering 33.7 million km2, and has the greatest military power in history.

3. Mughal kingdom (1526-1858)
Mughal kingdomMughal kingdom is the Islamic empire that govern most parts of India and its origin in 1526. The kingdom was set mostly in South Asia in the late 17th century and early 18th century and ended in the mid-19th century. Moguls are descendants of the Kingdom of Timurid of Turkestan in 1700's covering all the mainland kingdoms of India. Territory at that time was 4 million km2.

Kingdom of this stems from the leadership of Jalaluddin Mohammad Akbar Akbar or the Great and ended in 1707 after death of Emperor Aurangzeb, although it still lasts until 150 years later. In this period of Muslim scientists initiated the modern science of civilization.

4. Mongol Empire (1206-1368)
Mongol EmpireThe Mongol Empire, was an empire from the 13th and 14th century spanning from Eastern Europe across Asia. It is the largest contiguous empire in the history of the world. It emerged from the unification of Mongol and Turkic tribes in modern day Mongolia, and grew through invasions, after Genghis Khan had been proclaimed ruler of all Mongols in 1206. At its greatest extent it stretched from the Danube to the Sea of Japan and from northern Siberia to Camboja, covering over 24,000,000 km2 (9,266,000 sq mi), 22% of the Earth's total land area, and held sway over a population of over 100 million people. It is often identified as the "Mongol World Empire" because it spanned much of Eurasia. As a result of the empire's conquests and political and economic impact on most of the Old World, its wars with other great powers in Africa, Asia and Europe are also believed to be an ancient world war. Under the Mongols' new technologies, various commodities and ideologies were disseminated and exchanged across Eurasia.

However, the empire began to split following the succession war in 1260-1264, with the Golden Horde and the Chagatai Khanate being de facto independent and refusing to accept Kublai Khan as Khagan. By the time of Kublai Khan's death, the Mongol Empire had already fractured into four separate khanates or empires, each pursuing its own separate interests and objectives: the Golden Horde khanate, the Chagatai Khanate, the Ilkhanate and the Empire of the Great Khan (Yuan dynasty). But the Mongol Empire as a whole remained strong and united. The Mongol rulers of Central Asia successfully resisted Kublai's attempt to reduce the Chagatayid and Ogedeid families to obedience. It was not until 1304, when all Mongol khans submitted to Kublai's successor, the Khagan Temür Öljeytü, that the Mongol world again acknowledged a single paramount sovereign for the first time since 1259 - and even the late Khagans' authority rested on nothing like the same foundations as that of Genghis Khan and his first three successors. With the breakup of the Yuan Dynasty in 1368, the Mongol Empire finally dissolved.

5. Russian Empire (1721–1917)
Russian EmpireThe Russian Empire, was a state that existed from 1721 until the Russian Revolution of 1917. It was the successor to the Tsardom of Russia and the predecessor of the Soviet Union. It was the second largest contiguous empire in world history, surpassed only by the Mongol Empire, the third largest empire the British Empire and the fourth the Mughal Empire. At one point in 1866, it stretched from eastern Europe, across Asia, and into North America.

At the beginning of the 19th century, Russia was the largest country in the world, extending from the Arctic Ocean to the north to the Black Sea on the south, from the Baltic Sea on the west to the Pacific Ocean on the east. With 176.4 million subjects, it had the third largest population of the world at the time, after Qing China and the British Empire. It represented a great disparity in economic, ethnic, and religious positions. Its government, ruled by the Emperor, was one of the last absolute monarchies left in Europe. Prior to the outbreak of World War I in August 1914 Russia was one of the five major Great Powers of Europe.

6. Qing Dynasty (1890–1912)
Qing DynastyThe Qing Dynasty was the last dynasty in China. Starting from the Ming Dynasty and continued in the form of People's Republic of China. This dynasty was established by the Manchu clan Aisin Gioro (now Northeast China). Starting from the year 1644 and expand its territory in the vicinity china to form the Great Qing Empire. This dynasty unify China in 1683. Qing Dynasty and then fell after the Xinhai Revolution, when the Empress Dowager Longyu off his throne as emperor Puyi on 12 February 1912. Region reached 14.7 million km2.

7. Caliphate Umayyad (661 M – 750 M)
Caliphate UmayyadA caliphate is the Islamic form of government representing the political unity and leadership of the Muslim world. The Caliph's position is based on the notion of a successor to Muhammad's political authority. According to Sunnis, a Caliph can be any pious Muslim who is elected by the Muslims or their representatives; and according to Shia Islam, an Imam descended in a line from the Ahl al-Bayt.

The Umayyads established the largest Arab-Muslim state in history. But their reign in the Middle East ended when the Abbasid caliphs chased them out of the Middle East, more specifically from their capital, Damascus. They moved their headquarters to Egypt and later on moved on to southern Spain until their dynasty finally ended in the 10th century AD. The Rashidun Caliphate are considered the first Umayyad dynasty. The Abbasid caliphs in conjunction with Sassanid Persians reigned over the Middle Eastern portion of the Islamic world where science and literature flourished. The North African and Spanish portions were mired in wars and conflicts until expulsion of all Moslems from Spain in 1614.

North Africa remained a haven for marauding corsairs as well as a tax haven for the Ottoman Empire. Caliphate, as an institution, ended in the Middle East when Seljuk Turks captured Baghdad. Later on the Mongolians arrived. But from the arrival of the Seljuks onward, a new institution was created; namely the Sultanate. Henceforth, Muslim rulers; be they Arab, Turkic, Chingizid, or Persian were all known as Sultans. The total area reaches 5 million km2.

8. Roman Empire (27 SM– 476/1453 M)
Roman EmpireThe Roman Empire was the post-Republican phase of the ancient Roman civilization, characterised by an autocratic form of government and large territorial holdings in Europe and around the Mediterranean. The term is used to describe the Roman state during and after the time of the first emperor, Augustus.

The 500-year-old Roman Republic, which preceded it, had been weakened and subverted through several civil wars. Several events are commonly proposed to mark the transition from Republic to Empire, including Julius Caesar's appointment as perpetual dictator (44 BC), the Battle of Actium (2 September 31 BC), and the Roman Senate's granting to Octavian the honorific Augustus (4 January 27 BC). Roman expansion began in the days of the Republic, but reached its zenith under Emperor Trajan. At this territorial peak, the Roman Empire controlled approximately 6.5 million km² of land surface. Because of the Empire's vast extent and long endurance, Roman influence upon the language, religion, architecture, philosophy, law, and government of nations around the world lasts to this day.

In the late 3rd century AD, Diocletian established the practice of dividing authority between four co-emperors, in order to better secure the vast territory. During the following decades the empire was often divided along an East/West axis. After the death of Theodosius I in 395 it was divided for the last time.

The Western Roman Empire collapsed in 476 as Romulus Augustus was forced to abdicate by Odoacer. The Eastern Roman or Byzantine Empire ended in 1453 with the death of Constantine XI and the capture of Constantinople by the Ottoman Turks led by Mehmed II.

9. Persian Empire (550 SM–330 SM)
Persian EmpirThe Achaemenid Empire (ca. 550–330 BC), also known as the Persian Empire, was the successor state of the Median Empire, ruling over significant portions of what would become Greater Iran. The Persian and the Median Empire taken together are also known as the Medo-Persian Empire, which encompassed the combined territories of several earlier empires.

It was the largest empire in ancient history. At the height of its power, the empire encompassed approximately 8 million km2. The empire was forged by Cyrus the Great, and spanned three continents: Asia, Africa and Europe. At its greatest extent, the empire included the territories of Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan and the territories of northern India, parts of Central Asia, Asia Minor, Thrace and Macedonia, much of the Black Sea coastal regions, Iraq, northern Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Palestine, Israel, Lebanon, Syria, and all significant population centers of ancient Egypt as far west as Libya.

It is noted in western history as the foe of the Greek city states during the Greco-Persian Wars, for emancipation of slaves including the Jews from their Babylonian captivity, and for instituting the usage of official languages throughout its territories. In universal history the role of the Persian empire founded by Cyrus the Great lies in their very successful model for centralized administration and a government working to the advantage and profit of all.

The Achaemenid Persian empire was invaded by Alexander III of Macedon, after which it collapsed and disintegrated in 330 BC into what later became the Ptolemaic Kingdom and Seleucid Empire, in addition to other minor territories which gained independence after its collapse. Iranian rule was re-established in the region starting from the rise of Arsacids in middle of 3rd century BCE.

10. Akkadian Empire (2300 SM–2200 SM)
Akkadian EmpireThe Akkadian Empire was an empire centered in the city of Akkad and its surrounding region (Akkadian URU Akkad KI) in Ancient Iraq, (Mesopotamia). The Akkadian state was the predecessor of the ethnic Akkadian states of Babylonia and Assyria formed following centuries of Akkadian cultural synergy with Sumerians, it reached the height of its power between the 24th and 22nd centuries BC following the conquests of king Sargon of Akkad, and is sometimes regarded as the first manifestation of an empire in history.

During the third millennium BC, an intimate cultural symbiosis developed between the Sumerians and the Akkadians, which included widespread bilingualism. The influence of Sumerian on Akkadian (and vice versa) is evident in all areas, from lexical borrowing on a massive scale, to syntactic, morphological, and phonological convergence. This has prompted scholars to refer to Sumerian and Akkadian in the third millennium as a Sprachbund.

Akkadian gradually replaced Sumerian as the spoken language of Mesopotamia somewhere around the turn of the 3rd and the 2nd millennium BC (the exact dating being a matter of debate), but Sumerian continued to be used as a sacred, ceremonial, literary and scientific language in Mesopotamia until the first century AD.

Through linguistic assimilation, Akkad gave its name to the predominant Semitic dialect: the Akkadian language of Mesopotamia, reflecting use of akkadû ("in the language of Akkad") in the Old Babylonian period to denote the Semitic version of a Sumerian text. Akkadian was also the language of Babylonia, Assyria, Mari and Eshnunna.


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